Although there has been great progress in the medical treatment of burns, it is still not sufficient to solve all possible problems and prevention is still the best treatment possible. Unfortunately, in these cases, early diagnosis is not possible as in other areas of medicine.
Because burns are caused by accidents, prevention of high numbers of burn victims and of the severity of the trauma can only be done with a behavioral approach. Because the accident can happen both at home or in the workplace, prevention must be done in different ways responding to the type of risk. In workplace situations, for example, the use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) is important. Awareness raising in schools is the first step. Certain legislation can also prevent the use of dangerous products such as alcohol.
Household burns are common and often affect children. The risk increases depending on activities in various environments or the materials, devices and equipment that are present. It is therefore necessary to follow some basic rules:
- Don't leave pots on the stove-top without supervision
- Use the back burners which are not as easily reachable for children.
- Use a tap mixer set at 40-45 degrees.
- Use athermic glass for your oven door.
- Do not use alcohol for cleaning purposes.
- Do not spray alcohol to tease a flame.
- Do not smoke in bed.
- Do not burn weeds or bushes when there is wind.
- Do not wear synthetic fibers near flames.
- Avoid prolonged exposure to sun without adequate protection.
- Follow the law: use correct insulation and protective ground conductors for your electrical circuit.
- Do not use electrical devices near water or with wet hands.
- Do not clean small electrical appliances by placing them in water.
- Do not plug multiple electrical appliances or electronics in multiple sockets to avoid sparks.
- Do not pull on the wire to unplug a device.
- Use correctly protected plugs and sockets.
- Do not leave chemicals in reach of children.
- Carefully read all tags which have a warning sign, and all instructions for the use of cleaning and health products.
For work place accidents, which are less common but often more severe or even fatal, Italian law D.Lgs 626/1994 and subsequent amendments for work safety require that:
- One must rigorously follow all safety procedures
- Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) with the CE symbol which guarantees it follows essential requirements must be always be used